AN APPRAISAL OF THE NATURE AND EFFECT OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT AND REASONING A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED STUDENTS OF THE FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AKURE


AN APPRAISAL OF THE NATURE AND EFFECT OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT AND REASONING A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED STUDENTS OF THE FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AKURE    

 ABSTRACT: 

The research provides an appraisal of the nature and effect of moral development and reasoning

It profers an evaluation of the stages in moral development and the effects .it elucidates  the nature of moral reasoning

and appraises the significance of moral development and reasoning

A  case study of selected  students of the federal university of technology akure  is provided to determine the nature and effect of moral development and reasoning.

INTRODUCTION: 

It is sometimes assumed that a persons values are formed during childhood and do not change after. A great deal of psychological research as well as

Ones own personal experience, demonstrate that as people mature they change their values in very deep and profound ways.Just as peoples physical,

Emotional, and cognitive ablilitiesdevelopes as they age so also their ability to deal with moral issues developes as they move through their lives. Infact ,just as there are identifiable stages of growth in the physical development so the ability to make reasoned moral judgements also develop in identifiable stages. As children we are simply told what is right and what is wrong and we obey so as to avoid punishment;The child adherence to moral standards is essentially self absorbed for the avoidance of pain. AS we mature into adolescence, these conventional moral standards are gradually internalized

Adherence to moral standards is now based on living up to the expectation of family, friends and the surrounding society. We do what is right because it is

What our groups expect of us. It is only as rational  and experienced adults that we acquire the capacity to critically reflect on the conventional moral standards bequeathed to us by our families, peers, culture, or religion.We then begin to rationally evaluate these moral standards and their consequences

And to revised them where they are inadequate,inconsistent, or unreasonable. We begin to do ethics and our morality now increasingly consists of

Moral standardthat are more impartial and that take account of the interest of others or that more adequately balance taking care of others

With taking care of ourselves.

CHAPTER   1

1.1    BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY -

MORAL:   reasoning  refers to the reasoning process by which human behavior, institution s or policies are judged to be in accordance with or in violation of moral standards. Moral reasoning always involves two essential components;

An understanding of what reasonable moral standards require, prohibits, value or condem;Evidence or information that shows that a particular person, policy, institution, or behavior has the kinds of features that these moral standards require, prohibits, value or condem.

In many cases , one or more of the three components involved in a persons moral reasoning are not expressed. More often than not people

Will fail to make explicit the moral standards on which their moral judgements are based. The main reason that moral standards are often not made explicit is that they are generally presumed to be obvious. People put more of their efforts into producing evidence that a given policy, institution or action conforms to, or violates their unexpressed standards than they put identifying or explaining the moral standards on which their judgementsrely.Failure to make ones moral standards explicit leaves one vulnerable to all the problems created by basing critical decision on unexamined assumptions.The assumptions may be inconsistent,they may have no rational basis and they may  lead the decision maker into unwittingly making decision with undesirable consequences.

The research therefore  seek to provide an appraisal of the nature and effect of moral development and reasoning

1.2    STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

 A great deal of psychological research as well asones own personal experience, demonstrate that as people mature they change their values in very deep and profound ways.Just as peoples physical,

Emotional, and cognitive ablilitiesdevelopes as they age so also their ability to deal with moral issues developes as they move through their lives. Infact ,just as there are identifiable stages of growth in the physical development so the ability to make reasoned moral judgements also develop in identifiable stages.

MORAL   reasoning  refers to the reasoning process by which human behavior, institution s or policies are judged to be in accordance with or in violation of moral standards. Moral reasoning always involves two essential components;

An understanding of what reasonable moral standards require, prohibits, value or condem;Evidence or information that shows that a particular person, policy, institution, or behavior has the kinds of features that these moral standards require, prohibits, value or condem.

Studies shows that as a child and during the adolescent period ,we internalize moral values  transferred to us by our parents, friends or group. It is only as rational  and experienced adults that we acquire the capacity to critically reflect on the conventional moral standards bequeathed to us by our families, peers, culture, or religion.We then begin to rationally evaluate these moral standards and their consequences and to revised them where they are inadequate,inconsistent, or unreasonable. We begin to do ethics and our morality now increasingly consists of Moral standard that are more impartial and that take account of the interest of others or that more adequately balance taking care of othersWith taking care of ourselves.The inability to understand and identify moral standards as well as  possess moral reasoning is a set back to making decisions that are judged to

be of moral standard .

Therefore the problem confronting this research is to provide an appraisal of the nature and impact of moral development and reasoning

With a case study of selected  students of the federal university of technology akure

1.3    RESEARCH QUESTION

What is the nature  and effect of moral  development and reasoning

What is the nature  and effect of moral development and reasoning of selected students of the federal university of technology Akure

1.4       OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

1    To determine the nature and effect of moral development and reasoning

2    To determine the nature and effect of moral development and reasoning of selected students of the federal university of technology akure

1.5    SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

     The study is  significant in determining the importance of maturity in decision making that have moral  standards and implications.

 As moral development evolve through stages and that It is only as rational  and experienced adults that we acquire the capacity to critically reflect on the conventional moral standards bequeathed to us by our families, peers, culture, or religion.We then begin to rationally evaluate these moral standards and their consequences

And to revised them where they are inadequate,inconsistent, or unreasonable. We begin to do ethics and our morality now increasingly consists of

Moral standard that are more impartial and that take account of the interest of others or that more adequately balance taking care of others

With taking care of ourselves.

1.6        STATEMENT OF THE HYPOTHESIS

1      Ho     moral development and reasoning of selected students of federal university of technology Akure is low

        Hi     moral development and reasoning of selected students of federal university of technology Akureis  high

2     Ho    Quality of decisions of selected students in federal university of technology akure is low

      Hi   Quality of decisions of selected students in federal university of technology akure is low

3   Ho    The impact of moral development and reasoning on selected students of federal university  of technology akure  is low

     Hi    The impact of moral development and reasoning on selected students of federal university  of technology akure  is high

1.7    SCOPE OF THE STUDY

   The study profersan appraisal of the nature and effect of moral development and reasoning  , it analyses the nature of  moral development and moral reasoning and elucidates on its significance. It  provides a case study on selected students of the federal university of technology  akure to determine their

Moral development and reasoning and the effect it has on their quality of decisions.

1.8    DEFINITION OF TERMS

MORAL DEVELOPMENT DEFINED

A great deal of psychological research as well as ones  own personal experience, demonstrate that as people mature they change their values in very deep and profound ways.Just as peoples physical, Emotional, and cognitive ablilitiesdevelopes as they age so also their ability to deal with moral issues developes as they move through their lives. Infact ,just as there are identifiable stages of growth in the physical development so the ability to make reasoned moral judgements also develop in identifiable stages. moral development evolve through stages and that  It is only as rational  and experienced adults that we acquire the capacity to critically reflect on the conventional moral standards bequeathed to us by our families, peers, culture, or religion.We then begin to rationally evaluate these moral standards and their consequences

And to revised them where they are inadequate,inconsistent, or unreasonable. We begin to do ethics and our morality now increasingly consists of

Moral standard that are more impartial and that take account of the interest of others or that more adequately balance taking care of others

With taking care of ourselves.

MORAL  REASONNING   DEFINED

MORAL   reasoning  refers to the reasoning process by which human behavior, institution s or policies are judged to be in accordance with or in violation of moral standards. Moral reasoning always involves two essential components;An understanding of what reasonable moral standards require, prohibits, value or condem;Evidence or information that shows that a particular person, policy, institution, or behavior has the kinds of features that these moral standards require, prohibits, value or condem.

ETHICS DEFINED

Ethics refers to the principles of and standard of moral behavior that are accepted by society as right versus wrong. To make the right choice, or at least the best choice from among competing alternatives, individuals must think through the consequences of their actions. Ethics can be defined as a set of

Principles of right conduct.it can also be defined as a theory or a system of moral values.Business ethics is the the application of moral standards to business situations.

MORALITY

Morality is defined as the standard s that an individual or group has about what is right and wrong or good and evil

BUSINESS

Business is an any activities that involves the production ,buying ,selling and exchange of goods and services of a commercial and economic nature to satisfy customer needs and make profit.

CODE OF CONDUCT

A code of conduct is a written  statement  setting forth the principles that guide an organisations decision

Stake holder

A stake holder is any group or individual who can affect  it or is affected by it.

LEGITIMACY

LEGITIMACY is defined as a generalized perception or assumption that the actions of an entity are desirable, proper or appropriate within some socially constructed system of norms, values, beliefs and definitions

REFERENCES

MANUEL G (2006) BUSINESS ETHICS GUIDELINES AND RESOURCES; MAY INTERNATIONAL COMPANY

GEORGE S (2006) Business Ethics guidelines and resources

JEFFREY .L (2008) The right thing, conscience, profit and personal responsibility in todays  BUSINESSspiro Press.

.

AN APPRAISAL OF THE NATURE AND EFFECT OF MORAL DEVELOPMENT AND REASONING A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED STUDENTS OF THE FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AKURE



TYPE IN YOUR TOPIC AND CLICK SEARCH.






RESEARCHWAP.NET
Researchwap.net is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. Researchwap.net guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.

TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • "Researchwap.net is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.net" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.