THE OLD TESTAMENT COVENANT AND THE NEW TESTAMENT COVENANT: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS


THE OLD TESTAMENT COVENANT AND THE NEW TESTAMENT COVENANT: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS  

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research project was to analytically compare the Old Testament Covenant and the New Testament Covenant. In line with this, the paper made a descriptive analysis of the Old and the New Testament Covenants. Furthermore, both covenants were compared and found out that they share a lot in common which include both covenants having the same origin, a mediator, involves a relationship, were bilateral with a sign and sealed with “blood”. However, they differ significantly in many ways which include the nature of the sacrifices, priests, duration among others. On the whole, it was highlighted that God gave to Israel through Moses a law of complex and strict conditions which became the basis of His covenant with them. It was foreseen to be typical for a better covenant which would accomplish all that the old covenant could not, and more. The New Covenant, into which believers in the sacrifice of God’s son could enter, would have a new law and effective provisions. This forms the common difference between both covenants, the blood of animals and the blood of Jesus Christ. The common necessity of the new covenant brings the faultiness of the old covenant due to Israel’s disobedience. In view of these findings, it was recommended that the Christian world should come to the understanding that salvation or remission of sin is not based on the old covenant which was characterized by animal sacrifices, but should see the old covenants under the law only as shadow pointing to the new covenant as a reality. Also, in Christ all forms of sacrifices were abolished, hence Christian theology, principles, and practices are built on the new covenant.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Cover Page - - - - - - - - - - i 

Declaration - - - - - - - - - - ii

Certification - - - - - - - - - - iii

Dedication - - - - - - - - - - iv

Acknowledgement - - - - - - - - - v

Abstract - - - - - - - - - - vi

Table of contents - - - - - - - - - vii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study - - - - - - - 1

1.2 Statement of the Problem - - - - - - - 2

1.3 Purpose of the Study - - - - - - - - 3

1.4 Research Questions - - - - - - - - 3

1.5 Significance of the Study - - - - - - - 3

1.6 Limitation of the Study - - - - - - - 4

1.7 Definition of Terms - - - - - - - - 4

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1 Theoretical Framework - - - - - - - 5

2.2 An Overview of the Old Testament Covenants - - - - 5

2.3 An overview of the New Testament Covenant - - - - 14

2.4 The New Covenant - - - - - - - - 15

2.5 The Necessity of the New Covenant - - - - - - 16

2.5.1 Disobedience - - - - - - - - - 17

2.5.2 Change in Priesthood - - - - - - - 18

2.5.3 Lack of Universality - - - - - - - - 18

2.5.4 Temporality - - - - - - - - - 18

2.6 The Institution of the New Covenant - - - - - - 19

2.7 The Person of Jesus - - - - - - - - 20

2.7.1 Jesus as the Mediator of the New Covenant - - - - - 21

2.7.2 Jesus as the High Priest of the New Covenant - - - - 21

2.8 Conclusion - - - - - - - - - 23

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1 Research Design - - - - - - - - 24

3.2 Area of Study - - - - - - - - - 24

3.3 Instrumentation - - - - - - - - 25

CHAPTER FOUR: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE OLD AND NEWCOVENANTS

4.1 Introduction - - - - - - - - - 26

4.2 The Similarities between the Old and the New Covenants - - - 26

4.2.1 Both Covenants had the Same Origin - - - - - 26

4.2.2 Both Covenant Involves a Relationship - - - - - 27

4.2.3 Both Covenants had a Mediator - - - - - - 27

4.2.4 Both Covenants are Bilateral - - - - - - - 27

4.2.5 Both Covenants had a Sign - - - - - - - 28

4.2.6 Both Covenants were sealed with Blood - - - - - 28

4.3 Divergences between the Old and the New Covenants - - - 28

4.4 Conclusion - - - - - - - - - 33

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Summary - - - - - - - - - 34

5.2 Conclusion - - - - - - - - - 34

5.3 Recommendations - - - - - - - - 35 REFERENCES - - - - - - - - 36

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

The most publicized and circulated “Literature” in the world is the Christian Holy Bible which has distinctive but related parts known as the Old Testament and the New Testament. These two parts, though written over a long period of time and by the writers who often did not know each other, reveals a marvelous unity of thought. Hence, the two parts agree in their views of a divine revelation concerning Gods’ purpose for mankind and man’s condition and needs. They depict man’s sinful fallen condition, his inability to save himself, God’s revealed will to save man through a substitutionary sacrifice and the salvation of man through saving faith alone. The unity of the Old Testament and New Testament is also seen in many specific prophesies concerning the coming of Christ the Messiah and of His sacrificial death which were fulfilled in His life and death. Another unity of the two parts is Gods’ covenant with Israel. God made His covenant with Israel through Abraham and later with Moses. This covenant extended to the whole world using the name the New Covenant. 

However, this project is not intended to discuss the unity of the Old Testament and the New Testament, but it is aimed at discussing the Old Testament and the New Testament laying emphasis on the constituents of both covenants the necessity of the new covenant as well as the comparative analysis intended to articulate the differences and similarities of both covenants.

This seminar paper is made possible through library research. The library research is done analytically and critically expecting that at the end of the paper, the necessity of the new covenant will clearly be highlighted and the old covenant will equally be appreciated as a sine qua non in the era when God was not known as compared to the knowledge of God when the New Covenant was made. In view of the self evidence of the necessity of the New Covenant (Jeremiah 31:31-34) at the era when the old covenant was undergoing series of violation diminishable processes, this seminar paper is undertaken to show the indispensability of the New Covenant. It also aims at identifying the similarities and divergences of the Old Testament covenant and the New Testament covenant.

This project was limited to only the divine covenants, excluding covenants between individuals in the comparative analysis. The Sinaitic covenant and the new covenant are used in the analysis.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

In contemporary Christendom, many Christians are passionately involved in various routine sacrifices with the ideology that it is biblical. This position is either taken by commission or omission. However, it becomes necessary to examine the Old Testament covenants and the new testaments. In addition on the finished work of Christ which in turn abolished all forms of routine sacrifices excluding sacrifices of praise and thanksgiving.

The myopic view of covenant as God’s promise for his children is basically a problem which needs a theological solution. Hence, this research project within its context provides a theological masterpiece on covenant as bilateral, with man obligated to keep his of god’s stipulation if he must receive god’s promises or face the wrath of God for breaking the covenant. Bilateral, with man obligated to keep his part of God’s stipulation if he must receive God’s promises or face the wrath of God for breaking the covenant.

1.3 Purpose of the Study

The aim of this research was to analytically compare a Old Testament and New testament Covenants. Specifically, the study seeks to achieve its aims through the following objectives which arc to:

i. Make a descriptive analysis of the Old Testament Covenants.

ii. Make an analytical implication of the New Testament Covenant.

iii. Make a comparative analysis of the Old and New Covenants.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions were posed to guide the study.

i. What were the various covenants of the Old Testament?

ii. Why was the New Covenant Necessary?

iii. What are the similarities and divergences of the Old and the New Covenants’?

1.5 Significance of the Study

It is believed that the findings of this research will benefit the church. Students of the bible and even teachers/preachers of the word. The church from this research will understand its expectations in every given divine covenant. vis, keeping God’s commandments is essential in obtaining his promise and failure to keep this commandment implies that one has broken the divine commandment so must either be punished or surfeit the divine promises.

Besides. the research is expected to be a reference material to students of the Bible. vis-à-vis teachers/preachers of the word. In addition, it will serve as research motivator to others who wish to undertake further research in the subject matter. Finally, the research is significant as it has contributed to the pool of literature that has been generated about covenants.

1.6 Limitation of the Study

This project is made possible through library research, and was limited to only the divine covenants. Hence excluding covenants between individuals. In the comparative analysis, the Sinaitic covenant and the new covenant is used in the analysis.

1.7 Definition of Terms

To effect a proper and comprehensive understanding of the topic, some key terms are hereby defined.

Analysis: According to the New International Webster’s Comprehensi’ e Dictionary of the English Language, analysis is a method of determining c describing the nature of a thing by resolving it into parts (2004:52).

Comparative: Etymologically, Pteifferci a! (2005;386) sees covenants as a derivative of the Greek word diatheses meaning pact. Normatively, convener:means an agreement between two or more persons in which four factors elements are present. In a similar view, covenant is an agreement between the people or two groups that involves promises on the part of each to the ore - (Youngblood, 1995:306).

Testament: Youngblood (1995;1240) maintains that the word testament refers to either of the two main division of the bible, the Old Testaments and the New Testament.

.

THE OLD TESTAMENT COVENANT AND THE NEW TESTAMENT COVENANT: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS



TYPE IN YOUR TOPIC AND CLICK SEARCH.






RESEARCHWAP.NET
Researchwap.net is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. Researchwap.net guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.

TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • "Researchwap.net is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.net" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.