A SURVEY OF THE LEVEL OF APPLICATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN NIGERIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY (A CASE STUDY OF SOME CONSTRUCTION FIRMS WITHIN ABUJA & KADUNA)


A SURVEY OF THE LEVEL OF APPLICATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN THE NIGERIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY (A CASE STUDY OF SOME CONSTRUCTION FIRMS WITHIN ABUJA & KADUNA)  

ABSTRACT

Effective planning of construction project is a fundamental of successful delivery and timely completion of project within assigned budget and time constraint . the greater the unplanned departures from logical course the greater the risk of control and possibly ah woks No doubt that application of information technology is progressing at a pace and their influence on working practice can be noticed in almost every aspect of the construction industry The potential of IT application is significant in terms of improving organization performance, management practice, communication and overall productivity.

The purpose of this research work has been to investigate the level of application of planning software in the Nigerian construction industry. Data was obtained through questionnaire administered to professionals in both public and private organization within Abuja metropolis, the information obtained from questionnaires serve as the data that was duly analyzed with simple statistical tools of bar charts, pie chart and graphical representation

The study reveal that there is very good awareness of planning the software but poor applied, also the study reveals that Microsoft project is the most widely used software by professionals. Limitations to application of planning software's were identified as high acquisition and training cost as well as computer literacy. The research work recommend that an avenue should be created for training staff particularly on the usage and application of planning software, also undergraduate students in construction profession should be taught on how to use the software

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

Approval Page    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

Declaration    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

Dedication    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

Acknowledgement    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

Abstract    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

Table of Contents    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background of the Study    -    -    -    -    -   

1.2    Statement of the Problem    -    -    -    -   

1.3    Objectives of the Study    -    -    -    -    -    -   

1.4    Research Questions    -    -    -    -    -    -   

1.5    Research Hypothesis    -    -    -    -    -    -   

1.6    Significance of the Study    -    -    -    -    -   

1.7    Scope of the Study    -    -    -    -    -    -   

1.8    Limitations of the Study    -    -    -    -    -

1.9    Definition of Terms    -    -    -    -    -    -   

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1    Introduction    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

2.2    Theoretical Framework    -    -    -    -    -   

2.3    Conceptual Framework    -    -    -    -    -   

2.4    Empirical Review    -    -    -    -    -    -

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1    Introduction    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

3.2    Research Design    -    -    -    -    -    -   

3.3    Population of Study    -    -    -    -    -    -   

3.4    Sample size and Sampling Techniques    -    -    -   

3.5    Method of Data Collection    -    -    -    -    -   

3.6    Research Instrument

3.7    Validity of the Instrument    -    -    -    -    -   

3.8    Reliability of the Instrument    -    -    -    -   

3.9    Sampling Method    -    -    -    -    -    -   

CHAPTER FOUR – DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1    Introduction    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

4.2    Data Presentation and Analysis    -    -    -    -   

4.3    Testing Hypothesis    -    -    -    -    -    -   

CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1    Summary    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

5.2    Conclusion    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

5.3    Recommendations    -    -    -    -    -    -   

    References -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

Appendix    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -

CHAPTER ONE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND

Quantity Surveying is not a new profession but a profession that has been with the human race since time immemorial. Although it was not formally developed in the pre-historic days, human find a way of making necessary estimates of cost of materials and the whole Endeavour in constructing their buildings. (Nortey, 2015). However, a more formalized way of the profession was developed by the British in 17th century which provided a scientific and grandeur to the profession (Ofori, 2012).

It is also evident that we live in a dynamic world characterized by incessant technology change, the explosive growth of information and communication technology (ICT) otherwise shortened as information technology (IT) has had a deepening impact on business systems and processes (Rivardet al., 2004). The advancement in ICT has made possible fundamental changes in the method of practice in all businesses and industries although at different levels including the construction industry (Li, 2000). The construction industry with the aim of levelling their colleagues in other industries have embraced the use of ICT such as internet, computing, telephoning, satellite communication, electronic mailing, and AutoCAD applications to perform most, if not all of their activities (Ibidapo, 2000). The quantity Surveyors’ ability to avail themselves of these emerging opportunities provided by the advent of ICT depends on the sof ICT application in the industry with some noted ones like the expert systems (ES), artificial intelligence, knowledge-base systems (KBS), artificial neural networking (ANN), robotics and computer aided design (Arif and Karam, 2001). Rivardet al. (2004) opined that the evolution of ICT will have a profound impact on how organizations in the architectural, engineering and

construction industry operate in the way other industries such as manufacturing and banking have adopted and benefited from long ago. Honey (1998), noted that this is already the case in many of the developed countries around the world. In lieu of this, he reported that the turn of the last century has seen a reduction in paper-based operation in quantity surveying (QS) offices in UK while electronic led-processes are leading to less dependence on taking-off sheets and other ancillary stationery. The QS profession in Africa has also experienced significant changes over the past decade (Oladapo, 2006) and these changes have occurred primarily in response to changing industry/client demands, IT developments, increased levels of competition for services and the vital role of the Quantity Surveyor in achieving improved and efficient service delivery. Hence, there is no doubt that the construction industry has to improve its information flow and project delivery mechanism as opined by Wager, 1998. Thus, as information flow increasingly become electronic, QS computing facilities, software and databases will need to develop in a compatible manner. Nigeriaian quantity Surveyors will need to adapt to changes in work patterns to improve their efficiency and develop new markets to maintain competitive advantage and enhance profitability through the adoption of IT.

1.2 PROBLEM STATEMENT

From the background information presented, it is evident that, the importance and emerging roles of Information Communication Technology (ICT) to the Quantity Surveyor (QS) in the construction industry cannot be ignored. However, one of the obvious contests of the Nigeriaian Quantity Surveyor today is that, majority of the surveying processes continue to rely heavily on traditional means of documentation and communications such as face-to-face meetings and exchange of paper documents such as Bills of Quantity, drawings, specifications and site instructions (Mohamed and Stewart, 2003).

Anumba and Ruikar (2002) recounted certain flows within the construction industry which also applies to the Quantity surveying industry. They stated that the traditional information and communication are mostly characterized by manual and slow processes and hence,

•      Producing numerous paper copies of documents and drawings.

•      Management of a loose document is often time-consuming and tedious.

•      Library archives of documents need to be maintained to effectively access data as and when required.

•      The reliance on third parties, such as courier services, can lead to delays and losses.

•      The added expense incurred in the delivery of project documents to project members who are geographically distributed

Yet, the traditional construction sector all over the world including that of the Nigeriaian Quantity Surveying industry are required to move towards innovation of their services to achieve more efficient processing systems and service delivery methods.

For this reason, the vast benefits offered by ICT in the construction industry though seems recognized, its adoption and use as normal part of the Quantity Surveying management and process is still low; and contractors among the major players, have often been cited as those who use ICT least of all (Peansupap and Walker, 2004).

While this situation could probably be true within the Quantity Surveying industry, specific details regarding the extent of application and problems facing the use of ICT among the Nigeriaian Quantity Surveying industry still remain unclear. This study seeks to assess the situation in Quantity Surveying industry in Nigeria.

1.3 AIM OF THESIS:

The aim of the study is to identify effects of Information Communication Technology in the field of Quantity Surveying delivery in the Nigeriaian Construction Industry.

1.4 OBJECTIVES:

In achieving the aim of the study, the following objectives were outlined.

•      To identify the ICT products / software used by QS in Nigeria,

•      To identify the effect of the use of ICT in Quantity Surveying delivery in Nigeria and

•      To identify the factors hindering the use of ICT by QS in Nigeria.

1.5 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

A Survey was used to provide answers to the issues earlier raised in the review. This involves sampling registered Quantity Surveyors and obtaining their views on the existing trend in the industry and also on their practice, through the use of well-structured questionnaires. The sample population for this research work includes members of the Nigeria Institute of Surveyors (GhIS) who are registered and eligible to practice as Quantity Surveyors.

1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The scope of the study was based on existing quantity surveying consultancy firms and consortiums operating within Greater Accra region of Nigeria. This was due to the fact that most of bigger consultancy firms operating in Nigeria have their head offices based in Accra. The research also focused on selected QS in construction companies in Accra. The characteristics of the QS were those who have been operating within the last 10 years.

1.7 ORGANISATION OF THE RESEARCH

The dissertation was organized in five chapters. Chapter one introduced the whole thesis, highlighting the main subject and problem statement; the aims and objective, scope, methodology adopted and research outline.

Chapter two focused on the literature review and touched on information and communication needs confronting quantity surveying service delivery, and the quest for improvements through the use of information and communication technology (ICT) on the part of the Quantity Surveyor as a key Construction Management Professional.

The chapter also explained various factors, roles and barriers to ICT implementation in the construction sector. It further explored current drivers for use of ICT and various ICT tools and applications of the sector.

Chapter three was devoted to the development of the theoretical framework of the research, it explained the research methodology employed and also the statistical methods used in analyzing the results.

Chapter four presented the analysis of data obtained, discussions and interpretation of the findings of the survey.

Chapter five summarized the conclusions of the study and recommendations based on the findings of the study.

.

A SURVEY OF THE LEVEL OF APPLICATION OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN NIGERIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY (A CASE STUDY OF SOME CONSTRUCTION FIRMS WITHIN ABUJA & KADUNA)



TYPE IN YOUR TOPIC AND CLICK SEARCH.






RESEARCHWAP.NET
Researchwap.net is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. Researchwap.net guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.

TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • "Researchwap.net is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.net" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.