STAFF MOTIVATION AS A TOOL FOR EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT IN AN ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF ILORIN WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA).
TABLE OF CONTENT
Approval Page - - - - - - - i
Dedication - - - - - - - - ii
Acknowledgement - - - - - - iii
Table of Content - - - - - - - vi
1.0. General Introduction or Background of the study- 1
1.1 Introduction - - - - - - 1
1.2 Statement of the problem - - - - 3
1.3 Purpose/objectives of the study - - - 4
1.4 Significant of the study - - - - - 6
1.5 Research of the methodology- -- - - 7
1.6 Scope and limitation of the study - - - 8
1.7Organization of the study----8
1.8 Definition of terms- - - - - - 9
2.0 Literature Review - - - - - - 11
2.1 Introduction - - - - - - 11
2.2 Theoretical Framework - - - - - 12
2.3 Current trends in thinking - - - - 13
2.4 Summary of the chapter - - - - 20
3.0 Methodology/ research Methods - - - 21
3.1 Introduction - - - - - - 21
3.2 Sample and population of the study - - 21
3.3 Sources of data/Data collection - - - 23
3.4 Methods of Data analysis - - - - 23
3.5 Research problems - - - - - 24
4.0 Data presentation/ Analysis and Interpretation
Findings - - - - - - - 28
4.1 Introduction - - - - - - 28
4.2 Brief History of the case study - - - 28
4.3 Presentation of Data - - - - - 29
4.4 Analysis of Data - - - - - - 30
4.5 Testing of Hypothesis - - - - - 40
4.6 Summary of the Chapter - - - - 41
5.0 Summary Recommendation and Conclusion - 43
5.1 Summary or Findings - - - - - 43
5.2 Recommendation - - - - - - 44
5.3 Conclusion - - - - - - - 47
References - - - - - - - 48
Bibliography - - - - - - - 49
1.0 GENERAL INTRODUCTION
Every organization needs staff motivation in order to acquire or achieve their aims and objectives.
An organization can be explain or defined as an entity of human and non-human resources which have been joined together to achieve a desired or predetermined or set organizational objective.
The organization in this sense will be characterized by pattern of human and material relationships, status, job responsibilities, rewards and rights that will either help or obstruct the achievement of corporate goals. It is reasonably certain that each member of the organization will have personal objectives tangential to those of the organization as a whole entity. To ensure effective and efficient management, there must be motivation.
Moreover, a clever policy maybe, attainment of organizational goals may be elusive if the implementation is to be handled by a set of disgruntled and indignant workers. Therefore, the need for a good and proper management of the available human resources of an organization cannot be over emphasized in the attainment of improved and high productive.
Then what really motivate workers? If in an organization there is no apparent rationality underlying compensation and reward chances that the organization may not achieve high productivity, but where the situation is favorable very pleasant result would be recorded. Behavioral Scientists like Fredrick Taylor (the propounded of the theory of scientific management) have been acclaimed for propounding theories one of which sees human beings as been economically motivated. Moreover, other writers like Maslow, Herzberg, MC Gregory and so on whose work would be examined later, have proved that apart from financial incentives and increased pay, there are other motivational factors.
Motivation of staff play a full role in the achievement of organizational objectives has been one of the most difficult tasks that confront managers and administrators of organization. The success of a manager solely rest on how effective and efficient which he is responsible and this effectiveness can be measured by the organizational efficiency and accomplishment of corporate goals which in turn depends on the level of mobilization of human resources available within the set up organization.
1.2. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The problems that staffs face in organizations or the factors that can be prime demotivators/ demoralizers are:-
a) Under Assignment: The unskilled job assigned to skilled persons causing frustration.
b) Buck mastership (expression coined by Parkinson):- Superior avoiding hard work themselves and passing on the same to their subordinates and finding faults.
c) Cover Assignment: Good worker being overloaded to the extent that he feeds being exploited.
d) Coercive type of supervision: Manipulative, divide and rule policy, making promises but not keeping them, encouraging groupism, etc.
All this factors are the factors that demotivate staffs in any organization. Its stand as an obstruction to the achievement of goals in organizations.
1.3. PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this is mainly to detect the factor that could motivate the performance of the workers for effective management of any organization and of Ilorin west local government council.
This study will also attempt at identifying those factor that can modify or change the behaviour of the staff in terms of arousement of interest and inducement towards optimum performance and effective management. It is hoped that results obtainable independently from worker will assist management to make necessary adjustment in their existing policies to enhance staff motivation.
Therefore, the effects of the following factors on employee’s performance will be examined.
1. Job contentment
2. Monetary incentives
3. Promotion prospects
5. Welfare services
6. Work environment
Apart from its specific importance of Ilorin west local government council, this study could also afford other government parastatal the opportunity of re-evaluating their existing policies within a view to build motivational factors into their welfare programmes in order to enhance individual and organization effectiveness.
1.4. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is to afford the government parastatal the opportunity of re-evaluating their existing policies with a view to build motivational factors into their well being plans in order to enhance individual and most especially the effectiveness of the organization. There are some basic importance or significance that will be discussed in order to elaborate this study. These are the following significance;
1. To elaborate how effective tool is staff motivation to every organization.
2. To expatiate on what motivate the workers in every organizations (both government parastatal and private sectors).
3. To enlighten or to gives more understanding on what motivation is.
4. To discover what motivate workers in any organization.
1.5. RESEARCH OF THE METHODOLOGY
The research methodology used in data collection involves the two major methods commonly found for this type of study. They are the primary method which involves the administration of oral interviews and questionnaire on respondents. The other method used entails the consultation of books, journals and other records from the libraries and government.
1.6. SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The study covers both senior and junior staff of various grades and cadres in different disciplines as found within the council setup.
Also, selected relevant theories of motivation appropriate to the study have carefully considered.
1.7. ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This particular study is divided into five (5) chapters and these chapters are arranged as follows:-
The first chapter is the general introduction of the study which contains the statement of the problem, the purpose, scope and objective of the study others are methodology used, organization and definition of likely terms.
Chapter two deals with literature review. It involves the definition of motivation, the framework, the current trends in thinking and the summary of the chapter.
Chapter three deals with methodology on its own, the research methods used in the study. It involves the sample and population of the analysis and the research problems.
However the fourth chapter deals with data presentation where by brief history of the case study, presentation of data, analysis of data, testing of hypothesis will be analyze critically.
Lastly chapter five summarizes the whole work by a way of conclusion, recommendation and bibliography.
1.8. DEFINITION OF TERMS
Motive: Reason for doing something.
Motivate: Be the motive of, find a motive or incentive to, act as an incentive.
Management: Managing or being managed. It is the achievement of organizational objectives through leadership.
Secretariat: Staff of secretaries of a large organization..