ASSESSMENT OF GANG SIZE OUTPUT ON CONSTRUCTION SITES


ASSESSMENT OF GANG SIZE OUTPUT ON CONSTRUCTION SITES 

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION

The construction industry is that sector of national economy that is responsible for the development of both structures and infrastructures. It embraces “a wide range of loosely integrated organizations that collectively construct, alter and repair a wide range of different range of building and civil engineering structures” (Seeley, 1984).

Smith and Katzenback (1987) define work team (gang size) as “a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, performance goals, and approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable” Although work team effectiveness is complex a subject, optimum work teams have some common characteristics. Such characteristics include relatively small size, dedication standards, willingness to be collectively accountable, equitable and effective work and role assignment procedures within the team, and complementary skills. Optimum work teams also require compensation approaches that reward teamwork, such as gain sharing or team bonuses.

              Abiola (2004); Define productivity as a measure of how efficient and effective the resources, labour, capital, material, energy, water, information technology, etc. are used to produce the goods and services needed by the society.

According to Longman dictionary, output can be defined as “the amount of goods or work produced by a person, machine, and factory.”

             Management is getting results through workers’ output, as such, became the essential requirement in accomplishing the desired result. If a manager has more work to do than he can carry out personally, he gets it done by others (especially the hard labour).Productivity improvement is concerned with raising output and reducing costs and therefore the profitability of the construction industry. In many organizations improved utilization of man power assets is the key to the significance of short and long term productivity improvements. Improving productivity is part of the job of every line manager because of the direct link between productivity and profitability. Increasing use of people (increasing output and reducing cost) can only be achieved by optimum gang size, supervision and management. It is the responsibility of the top management to formulate company or industry policies for human errors in bid to improve managerial productivity, (Osoba, 1983,etal). In the pursuit of human errors reduction for productivity improvements there are certain factors to be considered because their influence can be readily modified and they include:

Inadequate workspace or poor work layout Poor environmental design. Inadequate method of material/equipment handling Inadequate job planning information and Poor supervision.

Ayagba and Ayandele (1999), stated that the total output of Nigerian construction workers is low. They identified various factors as having an influence on the total output of construction workers, citing Bain (1982) and Thomas (1991), who suggested the following factors.

Skills of the workforce Work practices Length of workday Time frame of the work process working conditions (lighting, cooling, heating and noise etc.)

AIM AND OBJECTIVES

AIM

The aim of this research work is to determine the optimum gang size of concrete work for effective use in construction site.

OBJECTIVES

The aim of the research work is meant to be achieved through the following objectives

 To Identify and examine the required number of workers to carry out a specific trade (concrete) Identify and examine the time required to execute the concrete work To Identify the most influencing factor(s) in achieving workers output. To record and analyze the period of time with which workers spent in the process of execution of a concrete work on site.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Generally, construction industry is in dilemma with regard to the suitable number of people required to execute a specific trade. This is needed for the purpose of computing rates, so as to enable professionals (Quantity surveyors) in practice to  prepare accurate Bill of Quantities, among others.

SCOPE AND LIMITATION

SCOPE

The scope of this research study revolves around public and private buildings on construction sites within Kaduna state.

LIMITATION

This study is limited to concrete work, data collection was limited to construction sites within and around zaria, and also the following limitations are detected after  the conduct of the research.

 The research is limited to specify the distance between the position of mixing and placement  It is Limited to distinguish whether the work is in substructure or superstructure.  There is no separation in output and time spent, between mixing, transportation and placement of concrete in the operation The research did not to consider the labourers  job overtime. The study did not consider the level of influences of difference in age group and experience on the worker’s output   (ie Hawthrone effect).

.

ASSESSMENT OF GANG SIZE OUTPUT ON CONSTRUCTION SITES



TYPE IN YOUR TOPIC AND CLICK SEARCH.






RESEARCHWAP.NET
Researchwap.net is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. Researchwap.net guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.

TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • "Researchwap.net is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.net" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.