DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF FUELLESS GENERATOR
The program of work done described in this project work represents an exploration of the working principles of a generator without making use of fuel or any type of liquid, hence “fuelless generator’’ which was invented by Nikola Tesla after patenting a successful method for producing alternating current. He claimed the invention of an electric generator that would not ‘’consume any fuel’’
However, the system design comprises its method of construction, principles of operation, experiment, test and results.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of contents vii
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background of the study 1
1.2 Scopes of the study 3
1.3 Objective of the study 3
1.4 Significance of the study 4
2.0 Literature Review 5
2.1 Uses of the project 8
2.2 Advantages of the fuelless generator 8
2.3 Disadvantages of the fuelless generator 8
3.0 Research and design methodology 9
3.2 Method/operation principle of fuelless generator 9
3.3 Major Components/parts 11
3.3.1 Framework 11
3.3.2 Generator components 11
3.3.3 DC Motor 11
3.3.4 Alternator (A/C) 11
3.3.7 The shaft14
3.3.8Frame and casing 14
3.3.9 Charging components 15
3.4.0 Transformer 16
3.4.1 Cooling components 16
3.4.2 Other components 16
3.4.3 Construction 17
3.4.4 Equipment/tools used for the machine construction 17
3.4.5 Manufacturing process and sequence of operation 18
3.4.6 Construction of the frame/welding 18
3.4.7 Operational sequence/procedure for the drilling operation 18
3.4.8 Operational sequence/procedure of the machining of the shaft19
3.4.9 Coupling/wiring of the fuelless generator 19
3.5.0 Quality control measure 20
3.5.1 Safety precautions 21
4.0 Experiment, Test, Load Balancing and Results 22
4.1 Experiment 1 22
4.2 Experiment II 23
4.3 Load Balancing 24
4.4 Results 25
4.5 The design and construction of fuelless generator 26
Assembling drawings of the generator 26
4.6 Cost Analysis 29
5.0 Conclusion and Recommendation 30
5.2 Ecological implication 30
1.1 Background of the study
The desire and search for knowledge by man has resulted to various changes in his life and his entire environment.
This inquisitiveness has made him embark on various quest and adventure of life.
One of the greatest desires of man is his quest for food amongst others like excellence shelter, credibility and above all a better living.
And this has resulted to achieve/accomplish this untiring want.
The advent of the technology has reduced in spite of its little disadvantage, the struggle and stresses of man as he goes about hiss natural world seeking for satisfaction.
The field of engineering is just another environment of its own in which man has always tries to unravel some practical solutions to various technological and scientifically problems that arises in his immediate environment.
In Nigeria today, there is an over dependence on crude oil. The economy of the nation rest squarely on the earning from crude oil.
It is also known fact that, the nation has but a limited time to benefit from earnings from crude oil as crude oil reserves will soon run dry at the present rate of its consumption.
Meanwhile, according to Dr Alan Dickson (2004) in his previous article on global warning myth or reality, he emphasized that even if we dismiss the treat of possible adverse climate changes as a result of our releasing carbon dioxide into the atmosphere by ‘’burning fossil fuels’; the fact remains that this burnt fuels are dangerous to human health and also that this fuels are limited resources and must run out at some time in the future depending on how fast we use them.
Known world reserves of oil and gases (including Nigeria) will run out in a little over forty years at the present rate of consumption and although we discoveries are still being made in recent years but these have not been sufficient to make up for the rate of depletion in the known reserves.
Then, in other to avoid a total economic collapse which may occur when all this crude oil are completely exhausted, a quick and purposeful transition ought to be made from crude oil industry to other industries which can also sustain the countries economy.
The other which arguably could help the crude oil industry to grow and to reduce too much burning of fossil fuels is ‘’Fuelless Generator’’.
Nigeria in its effort to improve their crude oil economy and to reduce fuel emissions to the environment which is harmful to human health, and to be more self reliant and independent, sees the need for fuelless generator.
Fuelless generator is a generator that does not make use of any type of fossil fuels like gasoline, oil, or any other combustible fuels.
As the name implies, it generates electricity which also serve as economic growth to the nation.
1. SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study is focused on the conversion of mechanical energy into electrical energy without combustible fuels.
It deals with the assessment of its actual advantage as compared to the generator that uses fuel. That is, its advantages in terms of efficiency, fuel free, performance and cost maintenance free. It also involves proper material selection, drafting of working drawings and basic operation of tyre fuelless generator.
1. OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
Specifically, the objectives of this research work are to;
1. Design and construction of a fuelless generator using low cost materials.
2. To test the performance of the designed generator to fuelled generator.
3. To compare the cost of this generator to other fuelled generator.
4. To acquaint engineers, technicians with the basic materials, tools/equipments and other factors required for successful fuelless generator construction.
1. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The importance and benefits of this work is to;
1. Show the detailed processes employed in the construction of the fuelless generator.
2. Acquire knowledge of the materials used in the design and construction of the project work.
3. Promote self reliance and reduce cost of burning of fossil fuels.
4. Low maintenance.
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW
Fuelless Generator; A machine and a device based on the principles of Advanced Physics, which was put in place by a Siberian born physicist, an electrical Engineer and as well a mechanical Engineer by profession.
Dr Nikola Tesla applied the theory of the tremendous Tungsten.
Like explosion known as Tunguska explosion which shock central Siberia in 1908 in his Engineering work and produced a machine that operates unipollar which utilizes a conductive disks rotating in magnetic fields to produce an electric current.
Nikola Tesla’s creative life spanned Two scientific paradigms; that of 19th century which modelled the universe as filled with an energetic aether and that of the 20th century which has the universe empty with bits of matter in random motion.
His Engineering accomplishments particularly the AC generator, Transformer and motor, translated easily from the older to the newer scientific world view.
Ten years after invention of electric motor in 1880, in 1890 a new type of electrical generator which was to extract energy directly from the ambient working medium was coupled by Dr Tesla which obeys the second law of thermodynamics..