# STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ND PROGRAMMES (A CASE STUDY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS IN KWARA STATE POLYTECHNIC).

CHAT ON WHATSAPP (+234) 0803-766-4978

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ND PROGRAMMES (A CASE STUDY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS IN KWARA STATE POLYTECHNIC).

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page

Approval page

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Table of content

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction

1.3 History of Kwara state polytechnic and department of statistics

1.4 Statement of the problem

1.5 Objectives of the study

1.6 Significance of the study

1.7 Definition of terms

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature review

2.1 Data collection

2.2 Test of significance for the Spearman’s rank correlation

2.3 Spearman’s rank correlation

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 Data presentation, tabulation and analysis

3.1 Graphical presentation

3.2 Tabulation of data

3.3 Data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 Summary of findings, conclusion and recommendation

4.1 Summary of findings

4.2 Conclusion

4.3 Recommendation

4.4 References

4.5 Appendix of data

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION:

this project is mainly concerned with the statistical analysis of student’s academic performance in ND programmes (NDI and ND II) in Kwara state polytechnic, in which the department of Mathematics and statistics was chosen as a case study for this research.

National diploma program is a course that is offered for at least 16 months (four semesters in all) i.e. two semesters for each section, after the first sectional examination, the students academic performance is determined by the use of  grade point (G.P). if the grade point is below 2.00, the student is either to repeat the class and if it is below 1.5, he/she is to withdraw from the school.

Students can also be withdrawn if he/she had failed four (4) or more departmental courses; but if the G.P is from 2.00 to 2.49, it is graded as a pass, when it is 2.50-2.99, it is graded as a lower credit and when it is 3.50 -4.00, it is graded as distinction. All these grades from pass to distinction gives the student who has each pass to the next level (i.e. the last session).

The grade points could be calculated as follows:

75-100 4.00 A

70-74 3.50 AB

65-69 3.25 B

60-64 2.00 BC

55-59 2.75 C

50-54 2.50 CD

45-49 2.25 D

40-44 2.00 E

Below 400

3.50-4.00 Distinction

3.00-3.49 Upper credit

2.50-2.99 Lower credit

2.00-2.49 Pass

1.50-1.99 Failed (repeat)

0.00-1.49 Withdraw

The score grade, credit hour and points could be used by the students to calculate their grade point depending on the score grade the students have. In a course if the student’s scores are below 40marks or above 40marks, he/she has passed the course.

1.3 History of Kwara state polytechnic and the department of mathematics and statistics

The department of mathematics and statistics has been existing since the establishment and approval of the institution (Kwara state polytechnic) formerly known as Kwara state college of technology in 19 72. The Kwara state polytechnic Ilorin, was established by his Excellency; the then military governor of Kwara state, Col. David Bamigboye. The decision to establish the polytechnic was announced during the launching of the four year development plan in 1971.

The college eventually came into existence following the promulgation of Kwara state Edict No. 4 of 1972 (now overtaken by the edict No. 21 of 1984), edict No. 13 of 1987 and edict No. 7 of 1994) as a body empowered by statue “to provide for studies, training research and development of techniques in arts and language, applied sciences, engineering, management and commerce, education and as well in other spheres of learning”.

The Kwara state polytechnic formally commenced operation in January 1973 with an administrative machinery patterned closely after the existing motto as: TECHNOLOGY, INNOVATION AND SERVICE. The rector is Alhaji Mas’ud Elelu and the head of department of statistics is Mr. Salawu Y. Folorunsho and the examination officer for the department is Mrs. Ayelabegan. Students admitted into the department must have at least four (4) ordinary levels “o level” credits pass with mathematics and English language.

A student with a credit pass in mathematics and pass in English language is admitted into the department but a student with a credit pass in English and ordinary pass in mathematics may not be admitted into the department.

1.4 Statement of the problem

The statement of the case study (i.e. statistical analysis; spearman’s rank correlation) of students’ academic performance in National Diploma (NDI and ND II), the analysis is to show the relationship or to ascertain if there is a correlation between the first semester NDI result and second semester ND II result. By so doing, we will be able to give relevant advices and proffer solution to the poor performances in the National Diploma Programme.

1.5 Objectives of the study

- To know and be sure if there is any relationship between the first semester ND I result and second semester ND II result.

- To measure the strength of the relationship between the students’s performances using spearman’s rank correlation (positive, negative or zero correlation).

1.6 Significance of the study

The aim and purpose of any student in any tertiary institution is to have an excellent academic performance. Likewise, the parents who sent their wards to school are anxiously waiting for their child/children to come back home with a good academic performance at the end of the ND programs. It is on these reasons, we have chosen this topic, so that people could know how far their academic performances are and then see if there is a way we could offer one or two suggestions on how students can do better in their academic pursuit.

1.7 Definition of terms

National Diploma (ND): It is an award given to a student after fulfillment of the course.

Pass: It refers to the grades students have;

A Distinction

B Excellent

C Good

D Fair, it is at times denoted by pass (P)

E and F Fail

.

## STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ND PROGRAMMES (A CASE STUDY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS IN KWARA STATE POLYTECHNIC).

OR CHAT ON WHATSAPP (+234) 0803-766-4978

TYPE IN YOUR TOPIC AND CLICK SEARCH.

###### RESEARCHWAP.NET
Researchwap.net is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. Researchwap.net guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.

### TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS

Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

• "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
• "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
• "Researchwap.net is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.net" and God bless you and your business! ."

Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
• "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
• "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
• "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
• "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
• "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
• "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
• "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

Theressa, Igbinedion University.
• "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
• "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

Christiana, Landmark University .
• "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
• "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
• To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.