1.1  Background of the Study

Science literacy for all citizens, a critical component to America’s success in the future, is an important national goal (National Research Council, 1996; NRC). To promote student performance in science, it is important to determine which factors influence student science achievement in secondary schools (Ye, 2000). Such an understanding will aid in the development of new interventions for influencing these factors, thus enhancing student achievement in science. In an effort to improve student achievement, some educational research has focused on the development of highly qualified teachers. Researchers and policymakers have regarded improving teacher quality as a successful way to improve student achievement (Darling- Hammond, 2002; Greenberg, Rhodes, Ye, & Stancavage, 2004). For example, the “No Child Left Behind Act” requires that “all the teachers in core academic subjects should be highly qualified by the end of the 2005-2006 school year” (Greenberg et al., 2004). Specifically, highly qualified teachers are required to

 (a) Obtain full state certification,

(b) Have sufficient subject-matter knowledge and teaching skills, and

(c) Hold at least a bachelor’s degree (Greenberg et al.).

Teacher education level and teacher experience, two main attributes of teacher quality, have gained attention and have been the focus of many investigations. However, results of existing meta-analytic reviews examining the relationship between student achievement and both teacher education level and experience are in conflict, with some suggesting a positive relationship and others suggesting no relationship (Goldhaber, 2004; Wenglinsky, 2002). In the area of science education specifically, only four studies investigating the relationship between these two teacher attributes and student achievement have been conducted. All four of these studies were longitudinal, focused on the 10th to 12th grades, and reached the same conclusions in that teacher experience had no effect on student science achievement. However, these same studies produced mixed results regarding the effect of the teacher holding an advanced degree on student science achievement. Therefore, further exploration of such relationships in science instruction is needed. In addition, the degree to which the relationship between student science achievement and science teacher education level and experience is affected by classroom teacher behaviors has not been sufficiently investigated in previous research (Opdenakker & Damme, 2006). Many studies have demonstrated a link between the effect of teacher behaviors in the classroom on student achievement (for a review, see Fraser & Walberg, 2005). This link has also been found in the subject of science (Walberg, 1986; Wise & Okey, 1983). Among teacher behaviors that have been shown to lead to high student achievement are efficient classroom management skills, systematic teaching approaches, providing clear teaching goals, and using advance organizers (Fraser & Walberg, 2005; Skinner, Wellborn, & Connell 1990). As Wenglinsky (2002) has suggested, a teacher cannot be determined to be qualified by checking his or her education level, years of experience, or teaching certificate. Teachers influence students through their interactions with them, especially in the classroom. Thus, although important, teacher education level and experience only represent a portion of the ability to manage the classroom efficiently and to promote student achievement.

Based on the premises the study will investigate the impact of qualification and experience of teachers as factors in student’s achievement in basic science education in junior secondary school.

1.2 Statement of Problem

The problems that have been shown to influence student achievement can be categorized into three types: school-related problems, student-related problems, and teacher-related problems (Dossett & Munoz, 2003). Among these three, teacher-related factors, especially teacher quality, have generated a great deal of attention.

The existing literature, therefore, leaves two important problems unanswered:

(a) To what extent do science teacher education level and experience influence student achievement in science?

(b) Do science teacher behaviors mediate or moderate the effect of teacher education level and experience on student science achievement? To address these questions, this study will examine the joint effect of teacher behavior, experience, and education on student science achievement.

An examination of how teacher characteristics affect student achievement in science is important as results have the potential to provide insights into the importance of hiring and developing qualified teachers who are better able to help students achieve in science, as well as to direct the emphases of an ongoing teacher in-service training (Wayne & Young, 2003). By improving our understanding in these areas, administrators, researchers, and policymakers will better understand which teacher characteristics have the greatest impact on student science achievement. Based on the existing literature problem with qualification and experience of teachers on the effect of students achievement in basic science education. The study will fill the gap on how teacher’s qualification and experience affect student achievement in basic science education

1.3 Objective of the Study

The broad objective of the study intend to investigate the impact of teacher’s qualifications and experience on the achievement in basic sciences by students. The specific objective include:

1.      To examine the impact of teachers qualification on students achievement on basic science education

2.      To explore the effect of teachers experience on students achievements in basic science education

3.      To examine the impact of teacher knowledge on students' achievement in basic science education.

1.4 Research Question

1.      What is the effect of teacher’s qualification on student’s achievement on basic science education?

2.      What impact does a teacher’s experience have on student’s achievement in basic science education?

3.      What impact does a teacher’s knowledge have on student’s achievement in basic science education?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

Hypothesis One

H0= Teachers qualification does not have a significant effect on student’s achievement

H1= Teachers qualification have a significant effect on student’s achievement

1.6 Significance of the Study

The following stakeholder will benefit from the findings of the study. They include the following; The Teachers, The school owners, and the Ministry of Education.

The teachers will from the study know-how and extent of their experience impact on the lives they impact on a daily and monthly basis. The teacher will from the findings of the study improve their teaching skill in-order to improve the achievement of students most especially on basic science and another science-related subject in the school curriculum.

The school owner will from the findings of the study know the impact of qualification in bringing in new teachers into the schools and quantify their knowledge prowess so as to determine the impact they would be able to induce on the student which and whom they employed for.

Ministry of Education will from the findings of the study proffer good and adequate policies that will enhance basic science teaching and studies in junior secondary schools. The ministry will from the study see the relevance of informing the National Youth Service Commission of the importance of posting well-trained teachers in the degree to the opposite of where they schooled so as to improve the experience status of the teachers when teaching.

1.7 Scope of the Study

The study will be carried out in junior Secondary School in Enugu State. The study will use the descriptive survey design for the study. The study will distribute questionnaires to students from JSS 1 to JSS 3. The study will use simple linear regression and the frequency to explain the questions collected for the study.

1.8 Definition of Terms

Qualification; It is the radar of status of a person in terms of intrinsic subjective characteristics.

Experiences: it is the exposure and enlightenment of a person to a particular phenomenon.

Teachers: This is an individual that is responsible for imparting knowledge within the formal setting to students.

Student: This is a person which knowledge is impacted upon in a formal setting.





Researchwap.net is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. Researchwap.net guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • "Researchwap.net is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.net" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.