SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AMONG COUPLES


SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AMONG COUPLES  

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title Page………………..i

Certification……………ii

Dedication………………iii

Acknowledgment……….iv

Abstract…………………vi

Table of content………vii

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

1.2    STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

1.3    OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

1.4    RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.5    SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

1.6     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

1.7    OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS

CHAPTER TWO

2.0    LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1    Conceptual Review

2.2    Theoretical Review

2.3    Application of the theory to the study

2.4    Empirical Review

2.1    CONCEPTUAL REVIEW

2.1.1    The level of socio-economic status and domestic violence among couples:

2.1.2    To determine the relationship between socio-economic status and

domestic violence among couples.

2.1.3     To identify control measures of domestic violence

2.2     THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK

2.3    APPLICATION OF THE THEORY TO THE STUDY 

2.4    EMPIRICAL REVIEW

2.4.1    Level of socio-economic status and domestic violence among couples.

2.4.2    Relationship Between socio-economic status and domestic violence

among couples

2.4.3    Control measures of domestic violence   among couples

CHAPTER THREE

3.0    RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1    RESEARCH DESIGN

3.2    RESEARCH SETTING

3.3    RESEARCH POPULATION

3.4    SAMPLE SIZE DETERMINATION

3.5    SAMPLING TECHNIQUE

3.6    INSTRUMENT FOR DATA COLLECTION

3.7    VALIDITY OF INSTRUMENT

3.8    RELIABILITY OF INSTRUMENT

3.9    METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION

3.10    METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS

3.11    ETHICAL CONSIDERATION

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0    RESULTS:

PRESENTATION OF RESULTS USING TABLES AND CHARTS

4.4    Answering Research Question

4.4.1    Research Question  1

4.4.2    Research Question 2

4.4.3    Research  Question 3

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0    Discussion of Findings

5.1    key Findings of the Study

5.2    Implications of study with literature support

5.2.1    Level of socio-economic status and domestic violence among couples in

Obio Offot, Uyo.

5.2.2    Relationship between socioeconomic status and domestic violence

among couples in Obio Offot, Uyo.

5.2.3    Control measures of domestic violence

5.3    Alignation of findings with findings of previous studies

5.3.1     level of socio-economic status and domestic violence among couples

5.3.2    Relationship between socioeconomic status and domestic violence

5.3.3    Control Measures of domestic violence

5.4    Implications to Nursing

5.5    Limitations of the Study

5.6    Summary

5.7    Conclusion

5.8    Recommendation

5.9    Suggestions for further analysis

REFERENCES

APPENDIX

QUESTIONAIRE

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.8    BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Domestic violence is a pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain power and control one another intimate partner. It is any act committed within the family by one of its members, which seriously impairs the life and psychological well-being or liberty of another family member. Domestic violence has been identified as an issue of violence against Nigerian women which had to be at a high rate (Eze Anaba, 2010).

In a report more than two-fifth of women (43%) and almost one-third of men (30%) agree that a husband is justified in beating his wife for certain reasons, (National demographic and health survey (NDHs), 2015. Domestic violence is an intentional and persistent abuse of anyone in the home in a way that causes pain, distress, or injury (Eze Anaba, 2010). According to Heise (2014), violence against spouses occurs in all social and economic classes, but couples with low socio-economic status are more likely to experience violence. As noted by Abama and kwaya (2014), more research is needed to fully understand the connections between poverty and domestic violence. Men in difficult economic circumstances such as unemployment, little job automy, low socio-economic status or blocked advancement due to lack of education may resort to violence as a result  of frustration and sense of hopelessness, a condition  due to displacement in psychoanalysis, may or may not have direct physical attack resulting to infliction  of physical injuries, there may also be verbal attack, aggression, use of derogatory languages, domineering behaviour as well as use of force to have sexual relationship with the wife, (Gamy, 2012). It is observed that the magnitude of domestic violence is concealed because women are usually reluctant to report cases of abuse or assault by their husband even if they sustain serious injuries, pain or even emotional damage, most of them are simply quiet and continue to live under disguise of not having a problematic marriage, others would term it a private matter and most times, attempt by women to report incident of abuse and assault by their husband complicates matters. (Anaba, 2010).

Birdsall (2014), posits that poor spouse who experience violence may have fewer resources to escape violence at home. In Nigeria, domestic violence is believed to be a family or home affair. Just like in other part of the world example Zambia, all forms of domestic violence are employed to gain and maintain control over the victim, deploy it against partners (Shigas 2017). Violence is a major obstacle to growth and development, it is estimated that one in every five women face some form of violence during their life time and some cases lead to injury or death (Anaba, 2010).The aim of this study is to investigate socio-economic status and domestic violence among couples in Obio Offot, Uyo Local Government Area. The findings of the study will bring a positive change among couples in our community.

1.9    STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Domestic violence has been practiced for many years. It could be very fatal; women are both intentionally murdered by their partners and some of them lose their lives as a result of injuries inflicted on them. In Nigeria, 58.9% of women reported battery during pregnancy, while 21.3% are force to have sexual intercourse, (Okemgbo, Omideyi and Odimagwu, 2016). As observed by the researcher during her community health experience in Obio Offot Community, Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. Socio-economic status has been the leading factor for domestic violence among couples of such factors includes; frustration, unemployment. It was also observed by the researcher, women were mostly affected in the community. Most of these women were severely injured and were admitted in Obio Offot health centre while some were psychologically depressed and were referred to psychiatric hospital for further management. Hence, the researcher was motivated to investigate on socio economic status and domestic violence among couples in Obio Offot, Uyo Local Government Area.

1.10    OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

(i)    To assess level of socio-economic status and domestic violence among couples in Obio Offot, Uyo Local Government Area.

(ii)    To determine the relationship between socio-economic status and domestic violence among couples in Obio Offot, Uyo Local Government Area.

(iii)    To identify control measures of domestic violence among couples in Obio Offot, Uyo Local Government Area.

1.11    RESEARCH QUESTIONS

(i)    What is the level of socio-economic status and domestic violence among couples in Obio Offot, Uyo Local Government Area.

(ii)    What is the relationship between socio-economic status and domestic violence among couples in Obio Offot, Uyo Local Government Area.

(iii)    What are the control measures of domestic violence among couples in Obio Offot, Uyo Local Government Area?

1.12    SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study will be of immense help to reduce the rate of domestic violence among couples in Obio Offot Community through health talk at the health centres and media. The study will help health agencies to organize seminars and workshops to couples and people who are intending to get married on ways to avoid domestic violence. It will also help the government to look into the economic status of the society thereby providing job opportunities for the people of Obio Offot Community. This research study will serve as a useful source of reference to students and other researchers who may want to conduct further studies on this topic.

1.13     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study is limited to socio-economic status and domestic violence among couples in Obio-Offot, Uyo Local Government Area.

1.14    OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS

Socio-economic status: Is a measure of an individual’s economic and social position.

Domestic Violence: Is a pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain power and control over another.

Couples: Is a man and woman that are legally married and living together.

           

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