This study assessed the performance of female students in mathematics in secondary schools in Sokoto metropolis. The population of the study consisted of the participants of all female secondary schools in Sokoto metropolis. The random sampling technique was used to take a sample of 200 students of SS II from all five female public secondary school in Sokoto metropolis. Promotional examination of students along with assessment Questionnaire were used for data collection for this research. Data collected were analyzed by employing simple descriptive statistics. The study found that the female students performance in mathematics is encouraging. One of the recommendations was that, the students should add more grease to their elbow by practicing what they are taught in class as this will help them greatly not only in their next promotional examination but also in their future studies.


Title page i




Table of contentsvi

Abstract v

CHAPTER ONE: Introduction

1.1Background to the Study1

1.2Statement of the Problem3

1.3Objectives of the Study3

1.4Research Questions3

1.5Significance of the Study4

1.6 Scope and Delimitations of the Study

CHAPTER TWO: Review of Related Literature4

2.1 Introduction 5

2.2Early Stage of Mathematical Development5

2.3The Development of Mathematics 1960 to present date8

2.4The Concept of Evaluation10

2.5Difference in Gender Performance in Mathematics12

CHAPTER THREE: Research Methodology

3.1 Introduction 14

3.2 Research design 14

3.3Population of the study14

3.4Sample and sampling techniques14

3.5 Instrument 15

Validity of the instrument15

Reliability of the instrument16

3.6 Method of Data Analysis 17

CHAPTER FOUR: Data Presentation and Analysis

4.1 Introduction 18

4.2 Data Presentation 18

4.3 Grades and Interpretation 18

4.4 Data Analysis 19

4.5Summary of Major Findings31

4.6Discussion of Findings32

CHAPTER FIVE: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Summary 34







Background to the Study

Mathematics often described as the language and backbone of science and technology is pervasive in all disciplines in today’s world. Actually, mathematical competence is vital to every individual’s meaningful and productive life. Outstanding mathematical ability, according to Adetula (1989), is a precious societal resource needed to maintain leadership in a scientific and technological world.

The line of demarcation between the developed (industrialized and wealthy) nations and the underdeveloped (non-industrialized and poor) nations is based on the level of mathematical attainment and ingenuity. Indeed without mathematics, there is no science, without science there is no modern technology and without modern technology there is no modern society.

Mathematics as a specialized cognitive tool is an undisputed agent of nation’s development and wealth creation.  Its   application   is  universal   to  all   learning  and

everyday    living    from    counting    possession    to    measuring

properties, predicting events, computing taxes/profits, drawing maps/plans, planning budget or warefare, providing models, synthesizing results.

All these are indication that mathematics is useful in domestic and business deals, scientific discoveries, technological breakthrough, problem solving and decision making in different situation in life (Kolawole and Olutayo, 2005). Actually, mathematics is a key to productive and fulfilling life and is a big servant to humanity.

A woman has an important role to play in the society in relation to mathematics and science education. Auhinen (1970) in Okoroh (2004) argued that with the fast automation and computerization of jobs, only persons with appreciable knowledge, skills and abilities in mathematics and  science  will be required in the job market. He added that moreso, suitable development could not be achieved as long as women were  not in mathematics and in the science.

Odogwu (2002) supported Auhinen saying that female education is an important aspect of societal development. Our girl child require a strong knowledge of mathematics to help

them to understand science and technical subjects.

Statement of the Problem

In view of the importance of mathematics which prepares a child for science and technical or technology related professions such as engineering, technology and computer science, this study sought to analyze the performance  of female students in mathematics in secondary schools  in Sokoto metropolis.

Objectives of the Study

The objectives of this study are:

1. To assess the performance of female students in mathematics

2. To find out factors that affect their performance in mathematics

Research Questions

In an effort to achieve the stated objectives of this study, the following questions are set.

1. What is the level of female students performance in mathematics in Secondary Schools in Sokoto?

2. What are the factors responsible for their performance?

Significance of the Study

The study will be useful in the following ways:

This is a study that concentrated on female students performance in mathematics thus, when completed, female students are likely to improve their performance in maths which will help them greatly in science subjects, it will also provide important information that should be of help not only to teachers and parents but also to educational administrators, policy makers and government in the task of improving the teaching and learning of mathematics.

Scope and Delimitations of the Study

This project is limited to the analysis of female student’s performance in mathematics in secondary schools in Sokoto metropolis.

The research is limited to senior secondary two (SSII) in the selected secondary schools in Sokoto metropolis.




RESEARCHWAP.NET is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • " is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • " is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing