ASSESSMENT OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF FOUNDATION AND THEIR MODE OF CONSTRUCTION


ASSESSMENT OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF FOUNDATION AND THEIR MODE OF CONSTRUCTION  

ABSTRACT

This project work is concerned with assessment to different types of foundation and their mode of construction though looks like a literature review but entails full information and chosen.

Foundation samples were limited to three different locations within Ilorin metropolis. Terzaghi equation was used for determining soil bearing capacity of the three cohesionless soil samples taken.

The result obtained from the calculation shows that the soil in the three foundation Examined can resist any excessive settlement of super-structure load without excessive settlement of shear and it shows a good indication that the soil is good to be used as a sub grade or sub-base materials for construction.

In general the soil material in those three foundation posses similar characteristic.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page ii

Declaration iii

Certification iv

Dedication v

Acknowledgement vi

Abstract vii

Table of Contents viii

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction 1

1.1 Aim and Objective of the Study 1

1.2 Objectives 1

1.3 Scope of the Study 2

1.4 Justification of the Study 2

1.5 Statement of the Problem 2

1.6 Methodology 3

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.0 Foundation in General 4

2.1 Design Requirement 4

2.2 Foundation Bearing Capacity Analysis 5

2.2.1 Type of Bearing Capacity 5

2.2.2 Presumed Bearing Value Table (Bs 8004: 1986) for 

Preliminary Design 5

2.3 Choice of Foundation 6

2.4 Factors Affecting the Choice of Foundation 6

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 Methodology & Type of Foundation 8

3.0.1 Pile Foundation 8

3.0.2 Pile Categories 10

3.0.3 Classification of Pile According to their Function 10

3.1 Classification of Pile According to their Composition or Material of 

Construction 11

3.2 Factor Influencing Choice of Pile 13

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 Result and Discussion 30

4.1 Foundation Requirement Strength and Stability of Foundation 31

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0 Conclusion 37

5.1 Recommendation 38

References39

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

One of the major needs of human being in life is shelter to protect man and their properties from some nature hazards. Such hazard may include rainfall, wind, snow, sun, e.t.c which may challenge the way of standard living which man propose. One of the most critical agenda that human being proposed about their wellbeing in the olden days is to have houses inform of huts where they can live after which civilization exhausted the mindset of human from staying in hut to a more conducive and mighty buildings.

The development of bricks and stone for the construction of building necessitate the need for foundation, though the type of foundation most appropriate for a given structure depend greatly on the type of soil, the soil properties, soil condition and the type of building intended to be built on it.

Foundation can thus be defined as the horizontal members supporting the entire structure and transmitting the load of the structure to the subsoil. Foundation in respect to soil may further be explained as the lowest part of a building which is situated below the ground level and it is satisfactorily design to transfer or permit load on it.

1.1 AIM AND OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

AIM

The aim of this study is to determine a compactable foundation type from a yielded soil bearing capacity to avoid settlement or shrinkage.

1.2 OBJECTIVES

i. To say when and where each type of foundation in needed.

ii. To broaden the structural engineering knowledge on which type of foundation suits a certain structure so as to have a safe structure.

iii. To give information on all the types of foundation to allow the building safe from shrinkage or overturning.

1.3   SCOPE OF THE STUDY

For this project it is intended to state the various forms of foundation and how each type of the foundation discussed is being constructed, and determination of bearing capacity for some soil sample. Therefore the samples for testing were limited to three different locations in Ilorin metropolis.

1.4 JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY

The need for Assessment to different types of foundation and their mode of Construction is to provide adequate knowledge and information for the builder, structural engineer, and even the site engineer, as to which type of foundation will suits chosen site and mode of constructing such type of foundation.

As we all know that every type of structure starts with foundation and proper measure must be taken in order to achieve a firm foundation as it is going to be explained in a project work.

1.5 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

In Civil Engineering design, foundation is a necessary and it is the early stage of any building in construction, so special attention should be given to it since it is meant to transmit the load of the structure to the subsoil.

Although there are problem encountered in the construction of some types of foundation among which are:

i. For example in the construction of pile foundation the cast of machine and plant needed cannot be afforded by everyone because it’s too cost there is also risk in transporting the pre-cast pile to where it is needed and it may break or wound worker if not properly handled.

ii. Some type of foundation like cellular raft foundation and pile foundation requires experts

iii. Some area has a very loose soil properties and digging to hard stratum may be difficult, take time and energy.

1.6 METHODOLOGY

The assessment of foundation and its construction involves a carefully examination, study and determination of the bearing capacity of the soil on which the proposed building will  be constructed and in most cases digging to a hard stratum prove futile, all these should be put into consideration.

Because the failure or collapse of most of structure starts from the foundation if not properly designed and constructed or if the supposed type of foundation is not used or wrongly chosen for such structure, for example in a place where pile foundation is used instead or in strip foundation where the depth of the footing is expected to be 150mm and 70mm is laid.

For cohesionless soil Terzaghi presented the bearing capacity expression below for general share failure.

qu= gDfNq + 0.4gBNg for square footing and qu= CNc + gDfNq + 0.5gBNg for Strip footing.

The Nc, Nq and Ng are general bearing capacity which depend on the foundation depth, shape and roughness and the angle of internal friction.

.

ASSESSMENT OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF FOUNDATION AND THEIR MODE OF CONSTRUCTION



TYPE IN YOUR TOPIC AND CLICK SEARCH.






RESEARCHWAP.NET
Researchwap.net is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. Researchwap.net guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.

TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • "Researchwap.net is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.net" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.