ANALYSIS AND MANAGEMENT OF ROAD ACCIDENT (A CASE STUDY OF ILORIN- OMU ARAN ROAD KWARA STATE)
The major objective of this research is to examine the variation patterns of road traffic accident in Ilorin-Omu- Aran Road, Kwara State. The study used secondary data of Accident records and vehicular situation were obtained from the Nigeria police force (NPF) and Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC).
Chapter one of the projects deals and focused majorly on the general introduction which consist of the definition and meaning of road accident the aim and objectives of why the road accident should be minimized. It also consists of the scope of the study and its significance to the study generally.
Chapter two of this write up deals with the literature review which consist of the view of research as to the multiple approaches to road accident, the causes of road accidents and the driver’s behaviors generally to highway and accident, which also incorporate in details the effects of speed on roads by drivers.
The data presentation and analysis considered the accident causes and the nature, grouping it to fatal, serious, and minor.
Using Ilorin- Omu Aran road as a case study include as the accidents photographs. The effect of accident was considered on the people who include the feelings and attitude of every deceased family and individual.
Suggesting ways and for which methods accident data could be managed together with the prevention measure to road accident.
I thank almighty Allah for making this piece of project a reality. If not his mercy on me, what would a mere mortal have achieved?
I will use this medium of time, to thank my able supervisor, Engr. M.O Asebiode by his name, am really appreciate your support and encouragement on my project from initial to the final stage, may almighty Allah continued to bless you and your family.
My mummy, Alhaja Abibat Aduuni hammed Owolewa, deserve a lot of appreciation for countless reasons. I genuinely appreciate their persistence in getting me educated. If not for her insistence, I would not have gone to higher institution in the year I did.
To my father, Alhaji hammed Adebayo Owolewa (a.k.a Mosiowo) may his soul rest in perfect peace, may almighty Allah grant him Aljanat Fridaus and all the death.
To all my brothers, I express my profound gratitude to you all for your good work and assistance, specifically, I have to mention Mr. and Mrs. Uthman Owolabi, for their support and accommodating me for very long of years and taking care of me, may almighty Allah bless you. Similarly, my appreciation goes to my able brother in United State of America, Mr. Sheu Adedeji Owolewa, Mr. Saheed Owolewa, Mr. kazeem Olalekan Owolewa and all the Owolewa family for their support.
I also thank my intimate friend, Alade Abdulateef Olalekan for his contribution throughout my year in school, his contribution in my life is countless, and may Almighty Allah reward you abundantly.
I must not forget my best friend, Abubakar Jibril Yusuf, who contributed a lot to the success in my program. Thank you immensely.
To every one whose name has not been mentioned but has contributed to the success of this program, thank you a million times.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE i
APPROVAL PAGE ii
1.0 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Aim and objectives of these project 3
1.3 Significance of project 4
1.4 Scope of the project 5
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 The multiple approaches of highway accidents 6 Accident Report and Statistics 8
2.3 A focuses on road layout and road characteristics 9
2.4 The statistical analysis of road accident data 9
2.5 Types of road traffic accident 10
2.6 Causes of road accidents 10
2.7 Drivers attitudes and highway accident 13
2.8 Speed and highway accident 14
3.0 METHODOLOGY 16
3.1 Data presentation and analysis 16
3.1 Tables 18
4.0 Result and discussion 25
5.0 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION 28
5.1 Conclusion 28
5.2 Recommendation 28
Road Traffic Accidents are major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, especially in low-and middle-income countries. The World Health Organization estimates that more than 3000 people are killed daily in road traffic accidents globally, with at least 30.000 others inured or disabled, This adds up to over 1 million people killed and between 20-50 million injured or crippled in road traffic crashes each year (Krug et al, 2000). The rising trend in morbidity and mortality rates due to road traffic accidents in low-and middle-income countries has moved some to declare road traffic accidents.
Road Traffic Accident (R.T.A) remains a dreadful world over. The trend has been on decline in most develop countries, while the reverse is the case in the developing nation. Road Traffic Accident (R.T.A) as well as other accidents is effect that happens very rapidly. Furthermore, they are culmination of chain unpleasant can broken a potential accident prevented among the most obvious present efforts to reduce the road traffic accident.
Those concerned followed a single focus approach. Engineers m ay think only of improvements of vehicles or roads, training for drivers and pedestrians and laws enforcement and licensing officials of control and punishment. All play importance roles, all those agencies attempt to eradicate highway accidents. Sponsored organization such as Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC) Highway Safety and research groups sponsored by the automobile manufacturers association.
The technical review journal described Nigeria as the most dangerous country in terms of road hazards, statistical analysis and the rate of data on road accident supplied by the Nigeria Police has reinforced this stigma. In the United State of America, at least 54,000 death rate and 2 million injuries were recorded in 1970.
The resulted economics wasted was estimated at 13:6 million. A total of 18,749, peoples were killed on Nigeria roads in the first decade after independence while 104,825 peoples were injured in the second decade i.e., 1997-1979, 57,136 peoples were killed and 209,089 injured while in the third decade from 1983,the injured or armed which brings the total of 66 average causalities per day.
Road accident records within nearly 60-70% death rate in the country roads are getting worst. Ignoring road warnings and danger signs to contribute to high rate of accidents. With economic growth over the years. The numbers of vehicle on road grew tremendously with increase in the rate of motor accidents from 1976.
1.1 AIM AND OBJECTIVES
The aim of this project is to access the analysis and management of road accident.
The objectives of this project are as follow
I. To study the causes of road accident and some possible solution to it
II. To collect the necessary traffic data on roads
III. To reduce the current high rate of road accident.
1.2 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study will be of great important as it will clarify the relevance of road (accident) on the traffic. The researches on road accident will stimulate and reduce dangers and risks by discovering new ideas and comfort desired by traveler and pedestrians on road. It will also contribute to the economy stability and growth of the country which usually create fears for drivers and road users. The study will also help the road users and the pedestrians in enhancing a safe movement.
1.3 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This study entails analysis and Management of Road Accident Records, investigation in to the road accidents and its impact on travelers and lives generally, focusing on Ilorin -Omu-aran roads. some data are to be collected and analysis for the government to find remedy for the problem of roads and the hazards could be caused using Kwara as a case study.
1.4 PROPOSED METHODOLOGY
The methods to be employed in this research project are as follows,
i. Collection of data/ information from the Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC).
ii. Data collection from the National Union Of Road Transport workers (NURTW) to investigate the number of accident that occur within ilorin-omu aran road.
iii. Other agencies like Nigeria Police force (NPF), personal observation and interview the drivers and commuters..