ASSESSING THE PROBLEMS OF FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT IN LOCAL GOVERNMENT (A CASE STUDY OF ILORIN SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT)
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of contents
1.2 Problem of the study
1.3 Purpose of the study
1.4 Scope of the study
1.5 Research methodology
1.6 Scope of the study
1.7 Plan of the study
1.8 Definition of terms
2.2 Local Government finance
2.3 Term Financial Management
2.4 Financial Management Problems
2.5 Source of Government Revenue
2.6 Function of Local Government
2.7 Objective and Role of a Local Government
2.8 Financial Control of Local Government
2.9 Accounting System in Local Government
3.1 Research: Methodology
3.2 Historical Profile of Ilorin South Local Government
3.3 Organization of Local Government Structure
3.4 The Role Call Past Chairman and Sole Administration
4.1 Data Presentation and Analysis
4.2 Position of Internal Auditor
4.3 Audit and Review
4.4 Budget Execition Comparison with Actual Budget
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Financial Management is primarily concerned with management process of planning the provision and effective utilization of fund. In the context of this study, financial management is more than mere receipt and disbursement of funds. It entails the proper use of available resources which are usually limited financial resources for the accomplishment of set goals and objective which would have been arrived at through and arduous and painful process of choosing among various competing and deserving alternative. In taking decision, especially those that have financial implication, local government functionaries are expected to have in very responsible manners, realizing that the are holding fiduciary responsibility on behalf of the public to whom they are accountable. Local government is the lowest tier of government anywhere in the world. It is very important because of its closeness to the people. As a result, it is multipurpose in terms of carrying out social economic services.
In the local society stimulating and encouraging local initiative in community work, promoting the democratic service as training ground for national political leaders, servicing as a medium of communication between the people and the higher tier of government.
The main purpose of local government system the reform, is to ensure effective administration at the grassroots level local government aims to ensure adequate mobilization of human and financial resources for local development. In the light of the foregoing, local government can e defined as administrative entity with a sovereign nation or aquasi sovereign state with distinct geographical boundaries she is vested with administrative and loyal power to make bye laws within her area of jurisdiction. Local government in Nigeria have undergoes a lot of vicissitudes and reforms the most popular which has been the 1976 reforms which inform the frame work of operation today, before 1978, it has been a situation of confusion, traditionalism and in some case neglect from 1976 to date a lot of committee had be set up and minor reform took place as a result but the spirit of 1976 reform is still living.
In sprite of the fact that the 1976 of local government reform had established a unified systems, there is a lot to be learned from the mistakes and achievement regarding the operation of the system. It s principally against the background professional administrators, councilors, supervisors and individuals in part of the country may find it useful to understand the operative system of local government finance in Nigeria. The general public will also like to know the councils obtain revenue and how such revenue accounted for and spent.
1.2 PROBLEM OF THE STUDY
This study is intended to provide information on the structure, operation, finance and problem of financial; management in Ilorin South Local Government Area, Fufu of Kwara State. And however, suggested member of strategies for overcoming the problem of financial management in local government.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study is to examine the problem of financial management in Ilorin South Local Government |Area of Kwara State and contribute to the further understanding of problem of local government, financial management in Nigeria and to serve as a factual text which may provide basis for future.
Critical objective examination of various local government financial problem in Nigeria. In essence to add to the store knowledge of local government finance in Nigeria and to encourage others who may want to explore it further.
1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
Some of the importance of this study is to extend the sphere of knowledge f local government fiancé to the direction of Ilorin south Local Government “problem of financial management” therefore the study is enlarge to accommodate valuable knowledge about the structure operational roles system of accounting fiancé and financial management problems in Ilorn South local government. The study will not identifies problems alone but also attempt to provide remedies. It is hoped that student of local government public administration, public accounting and business.
1.5 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
Both Primary and secondary data were collected for the study. Interview with the staff of Ilorin South Local Government Area also the secondary data are collected from various relevant files and books from distinguished authors listed in the bibliography some of the research questions includes:
1. Which calibers of works are mostly engaged in the management of funds in Ilorin South Local Government Area of Kwara State?
2. Do these workers use appropriate and suitable accounting records and how competent are they in the utilization of these records?
3. Do these workers have adequate working knowledge of the financial management memoranda and other relevant circulars?
1.6 PLAN OF THE STUDY
This project is group into five chapters, which are summarized below: chapter one is on general introduction to the topic with problems, purpose and scope of the study, other data discussed in chapter one include definition of terms and plan of the study. Chapter two deals will literature review and financial control of local government. Chapter three deals with research methodology and historical background of Ilorin South Local Government Area Fufu.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
In a study of this nature, there is need to define some key worlds or important concepts that will appear in the study for the purpose of clarity and guide against misinterpretation of such words. Some of these terms are defined as follows:
1. Local Government:- This is the government at local level exercise through representation council established by law to exercise speeded power within a defined area. This power should give the council substaint contain affair as well as the staff and institutional financial power to initiate and direct the provision service. Also to determine and implant objects, so as to complement the activities of the state and federal in their area and to ensure adequate devotion of function to those council and their traditional institutions that local initiative and responses to local needs and condition are maximize.
These are revenue occurring to the local government both externally derived from federal or state government and internally generated through source outlined in the reforms such as taxes, rates, fees, profit from commercial undertaking and the miscellaneous earning.
3. STATUTORY ALLOCATION
This is the portion of federal and state revenue that accrues to local government. It was stated in the 1979 constrictions of Federal Republic of Nigeria in section 7 @ that : “the national assembly shall make provision of public revenue to local government councils in the federal and (b) the house of assembly of a state shall make revenue provision for statutory allocation of public revenue to local government council within the state.
Accounting in the context of the study is defined as identification, selection, analysis, measurement, processing, evaluation and communication of financial information facilitate decisions regarding activities and resources.
5. FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
Financial management is primarily concerns with the future and making of decision based on forecast. Financial manage covered all function concerned with attempting to ensure that financial resources are obtained and used in the most effective way. Generally, financial management is defined as the management of funds; dealing with planning, organizing allocating, controlling and making decision on matter relating to finance in order to achieve the stated objective. It is also concerned with the provision and effective utilization of funds.
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW
Many writers have written and are still writing on financial management in local government, its fiancés, problems and prospects of local government from the perspective of different scholar as these were the flows in the flesh of local government in Nigeria.
2.2 LOCAL GOVERNMENT FINANCE
The local government has only two major source of finance that is the external and internal sources. The former being grants from federal government and the latter, taxes and investment to mention just a few. Oladehinde Olapade (2006) opines that despite all the reforms in the various aspect of local government remained largely ineffective, inefficient and marbling, proliferation of corruption financial mismanagement and lack of purposeful and meaningful political leadership feature prominently in the local government system. He went on to analyzed the major financial inhibition that served as a log in the wheel of efficient and performance of local government. The financial problem that fast manifested themselves in several ways, these includes:
“Delay in the release of statutory allocation, lack of proper monitoring of sources of local government revenue and inability to tap other revenue yielding source available to them” based on one time items budgeting which is detent to good management. Since the establishment of elected local government council in the country there has been numerous and proven cases of financial mismanagement and reckless embezzlement of public funds by official of local government. Adewumi (1998) argued that “there was an impressive of functions which were expected to be performed and these should have revitalized local government if they had been encourage and provides adequate fiancé to carry them out effectively.
“He added that local government solely reliance made and state government fiancé was considered reduced their effectiveness in the performance of their responsibilities Adeboye Cuta (2008) opined that “financial resources made available to local government authorities must be adequate to enable minimum acceptable standard for service to be provided” According to them a rapidly growing urban area will need buoyant sources of revenue and increasingly demand for improved standard of local services and amenities to them they said; without effective financial management the politics adopted by a local government authority in a great variety of field may not be capable of being successfully implemented. But where there is a proper financial management it can usually facilitate implementation and sometimes even provide stimulus to the implementation policies. The first national conference on local government titled “the future of local government in Nigeria (1977)” pointed that: the success or failure and effectiveness of local government in the financial analysis depend on the financial resources available to the individual authorities and the ways these resources are utilized..